In other words, a more critical examination of these remote causes is necessary to show the degree of their respective relative importance. According to Wikipedia, the Oyo Empire was the Empire of Yoruba of what is now Western, northern central Nigeria and the northern part of the Fon kingdom in the present Benin Republic. (Oxford Studies in African Affa (Oxford Studies in African Affa We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Established in the 14th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states encountered by pre-colonial explorers. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western and northern Nigeria. THE OYO EMPIRE (c. 1600-c. 1790) 4. THE ALAAFIN: The Alaafin was seen as the political head of the empire. The Alaafin was the head of the empire, and was resident in the capital. Therefore, his younger brother, Oduduwa, took the three items of creation from him, climbed down from the heavens on a chai… This was unarguably the greatest kingdom established by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. The Imperial Period: A Chronological Frameworkpage 47 5. The empire was well organized and was influential and powerful. This kingdom was founded by the deities Oduduwa and Obatala, who are believed to have created the world.Oduduwa was the first divine king of the Yoruba people, and Obatala fashioned the first human beings out of clay. Ce document a été mis à jour le 24/07/2006 By Robin Law. Enjoy a pleasant day wherever you go with OYO. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western and northern Nigeria. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. That year, Afonja sent an empty calabash to the Alaafin Aole, thereby signifying that he no longer acknowledged the authority of the Alaafin. It began in the 1300s in the West African savannah north of the tropical forests where other Yoruba peoples lived. important being Oyo in the North, the Ife, Ijesha, Ekiti and Ondo in the East, the Ijebu Egba in the South, and Ketu in the West. The Imperial Period: A Chronological Frameworkpage 47 5. 1700 (CC BY-SA 3.0) Oyo, a pre-colonial kingdom in present-day Nigeria, was founded in the 1300s. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western Nigeria, north central Nigeria and Western Republic of Benin.Established in the 15th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states. The people moved to Koso for security reasons and settled on Koso Hill and below the Bara Mountain. One of the most prominent of these was the ancient Oyo Empire. The Oyo Empire was the most politically important state in the region from the mid-17th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over most of the other kingdoms in Yorubaland, but also over nearby African states, notably . The history of the Yoruba people begins in Ile-Ife. The Armypage 18 Established by Oranmiyan of the Yoruba people of West Africa, Oyo quickly grew to become one of the most powerful states in the Yoruba-speaking region. Unlike other Yoruba states, which were located in the forest area, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah. Oyo palace in 1890s . the 15 th century. Nigerian Navy Past Questions & Answers PDF: Are you online searching for where you can comfortably Download Nigerian Navy Past Questions and answers?if yes search no more this is the right place. Dahomey, kingdom in western Africa that flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries in the region that is now southern Benin. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and Western Nigeria (including Southwest zone and the western half of Northcentral zone). The Oyo Kingdom which latter metamorphosed into an Empire was surrounded by foreign elements. On top of these causes classified by historian as remote, two immediate causes have been identified. We have Free Nigerian Navy Past Questions which will function as a test study guide. Less than a century later, in 1836, its capital, Oyo Ile, had been abandoned, and the new Alafin (literally "owner of the palace", the King, or the Emperor) was struggling to get his Empire back: The Oyo Empire had completely fallen. Oyo Empire (1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. While the Alaafin of Oyo was supreme overlord of the people, he was not without checks on his power. The Fulanis jihaded the Oyo Empire. Oyo Empire(1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. It was not until the late 18th century that it began to face a series of crises that paved the way for its decline. It was in Ile-Ife that they revived and perfected the art of divination (afa kaka), which their ancestors abandoned in Mesopotamia. Ce document a été mis à jour le 24/07/2006 However, candidates who applied for the Oyo state teachers recruitment can past the examination interview with the help of studying this ebook past question I No for sure that you may be asking in your mind how is this possible could it be true? According to the oral tradition of Oyo people, Koso was a former capital city of the Oyo Empire. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. (PDF) Oyo Empire and Its Colony | Akin Ogundiran - Academia.edu Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. According to Yoruba religion, Olodumare, the Supreme God, ordered Obatala to create the earth, but on Obatala’s way he found palm wine, which he drank and became intoxicated. Oyo was founded in the 15th century and became one of the largest West African kingdoms (states). His armies freed Dahomey from the humiliation of paying tribute to Oyo. They also settled in Ketu, a Yoruba town in modern day Benin. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. After about 1840, however, the kingdom’s fortunes changed as Britain succeeded in putting an end to the overseas slave trade. Pre‐colonial West Africa was home to a number of great empires. surpassed by the Oyo Empire as the dominant Yoruba military and political power between 1600 CE and 1800 CE. the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey in the modern Republic of Benin to the west. The Oyo Mesi developed as a check on the Alaafin’s power, preventing the Alaafin from being an autocrat; the Oyo Mesi compelled many Alaafin to commit suicide during the 17th and 18th centuries. It spans the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin. - Volume 49 Issue 4 - J. S. Eades. 2, facing title page] The Oyo Empire was a powerful Yoruba state in the modern country of Nigeria. Abstract. that was the most authoritative and important in African history. The city engaged extensively in trade and became wealthy. The Oyo Empire fell a year later. Oyo empire, Yoruba state north of Lagos, in present-day southwestern Nigeria, that dominated, during its apogee (1650–1750), most of the states between the Volta River in the west and the Niger River in the east. The Oyo Kingdompage 83 7. Oyo Empire reached its climax in 18th century, unfortunately, it began declining towards the end of the century. 1836: A West African Imperialism in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Oyo Empire was approximately founded in 1300 C.E. The Oyo Empire, c. 1600–c. It rose through the outstanding organizational skills of the Yoruba, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. Established in the 14th century, the Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states encountered by pre-colonial explorers. The Oyo Empire was established by the Yoruba people in the 15th century and was one of the largest West African states. According to the oral tradition of Oyo people, Koso was a former capital city of the Oyo Empire. Winter 1 Andrea Winter Thomas Bell History 100 March 11, 2020 Oyo Empire The history of the Oyo Empire is one that follows that of many empires before and after it: one of triumph and golden ages, but ultimately plagued by corruption and revolt that brings about its demise. The original kingdom, which was one of the complex of Yoruba states, was founded by Oranyan, an Ife prince, who is also believed to be the founder of the present Benin dynasty.5 Oyo started to be important towards the The empire had a strong army and for a long time was able to exert its dominance over several Yoruba towns and such kingdoms as Dahomey, Nupe, Borgu, and so on. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Oyo Empire, and going westward, they entered Dahomey (present-day Republic of Benin). A loose confederation of Yoruba kingdoms in West Africa. The Capitalpage 61 6. The Ọyọ Empire c. 1600–c. The Oyo Kingdompage 83 7. Exposé de 4 pages en histoire contemporaine : XIXe, XXe et XXIe : The fall of the Oyo Empire. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s. Winter 1 Andrea Winter Thomas Bell History 100 March 11, 2020 Oyo Empire The history of the Oyo Empire is one that follows that of many empires before and after it: one of triumph and golden ages, but ultimately plagued by corruption and revolt that brings about its demise. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977. Learn more. Oyo mesi can be regarded as kingmakers. Political struggle between Alaafin Abiodun and Ọyọ Mesi over the policy thrust of a peaceful diplomacy against military adventurism of Ọyọ Mesi for the Empire led to the gradual disintegration of the empire. The Oyo Empire flourished for over three hundred years. The Bashorun has the final say on the nomination of the new Alaafin, his power rivalling the king himself. It rose through the outstanding organizational skills of the Yoruba, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. The Egbado Corridor revolted after this. The empire eventually fell in the early 19th century following a full‐scale invasion launched on its capital by Fulani jihadists. While some emphasize the effect of Fulani Jihad others capitalize on the breakdown of the central authority. There are three earlier capitals near the Niger River. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. The Heritage of Oduduwa: the Oyo Hegemony in Yorubalandpage 119 8. Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. O Estado de Ọyọ, Oyo, Oyó ou Oió [6] [7] é um estado interior, a sudoeste da Nigéria, criado em 3 de fevereiro de 1976, sua capital é a cidade de Ibadan. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118455074.wbeoe241. Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. Check your email for instructions on resetting your password Imperial Period: a African. Oduduwa: the Oyo Empire developed a highly sophisticated political structure to govern its territorial domains immediate causes have identified! 1790 ) 4 ] the Oyo Hegemony in Yorubalandpage 119 8 and its powerful cavalry Empire developed a sophisticated. Art of divination ( afa kaka ), which were located in the early 19th following... 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