References After a compromise under which a division of the powers of regency was arranged, Perdiccas exercised a wide authority in Asia as “supreme general” and soon began to act as if he meant to make himself king. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, other than Ptolemy’s history, most dependable versions maintain that he was about the same age as Alexander (possibly a little older) and was the son of Orontes, a Macedonian noble from the House of Orestes, a royal family that had once ruled a small independent kingdom in the Macedonian highlands but whose power had been stripped by Philip II, Alexander’s father. Throughout the Persian campaign, he received a number of promotions from a taxiarch leading a brigade of pezhetairoi to serving as a bodyguard in 330 BCE. Perdiccas [with the support of Alexander's cavalry] became chief champion of the conqueror's yet unborn child by his legal wife, Roxana, a Bactrian princess. A letter, tricked up to look as though it came from Alexander, was brought to Stateira. Antigonus fled to Europe, where he persuaded Antipater and Craterus that Perdiccas must be destroyed. Wasson, Donald L. However, with the royal family in Babylon, the Regent Perdiccas assumed this responsibility until the royal household could return to Macedonia. This meant that Perdiccas would be the regent and effectively the ruler of Alexander's empire until the boy was old enough to rule on his own. Perdiccas. The fall of Thebes had served its purpose as cities across Greece ceased to rebel. Related Content 24 Dec 2020. Argaeus I of Macedon Monarch, Deceased Person, Noble person, Person. Read more about Perdiccas. Perdiccas elected to wait until Roxanne and Alexander’s child was born, the son who would become Alexander IV. However, the young Alexander would never rule, as both Roxanne and young Alexander were executed by Antipater’s son Cassander in 310 BCE, solving the entire inheritance problem. Actually, despite the beliefs of his fellow commanders, many agree that Perdiccas was a good choice. Perdiccas reached Pelusium but failed to cross the Nile. The new king set out to prove he was as good if not better than his father. Coin of Perdiccas III with figure of Herakles Image, Content. Initially, Perdiccas was a page in the imperial court at Pella, but in 336 BCE he became a member of Philip II's elite infantry, a shield-bearer or hypaspist. His one dream was to maintain the kingdom until it could be reunited under one leader, Alexander IV, the son of Alexander the Great. "Perdiccas." We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. As "an eager young soldier who wanted to impress his king" (Freeman, 63), Perdiccas as captain of the guard was camped southeast of Thebes. His year of birth is unknown, but he seems to have been of about the same age as Alexander. Cite This Work Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; died 321/320 BC) was one of Alexander the Great 's generals. Perdiccas(355-320 BC) was a Macedonian general who took part in the conquests of Alexander and the Wars of the Diadochi. Perdiccas proposed that a final decision wait until Alexander's wife Roxana, who was pregnant, had given birth. Updates? The war would end with the death of Craterus, isolation for Eumenes, and Antipater taking Philip III and Alexander IV to Macedon. Sadly, Alexander had failed to provide a successor. Wasson, Donald L. … Last modified November 15, 2016. Freeman wrote that the final result of the battle was one of "uncommon bravery mixed with butchery and horror" (64) as 6,000 Thebans would die while 30,000 were captured. By … As Pausanias tried to escape, he tripped over a vine and was killed by his pursuers, including two of Alexander's companions, Perdiccas and Leonnatus. (Doorverwezen vanaf Perdiccas (diadoch)) Perdikkas ( Oudgrieks : Περδίκκας; overleden mei/juni 321 v.Chr. ) Na de dood van Alexander's, nam hij opperbevelhebber van het keizerlijke leger en regent voor halfbroer Alexander's en geestelijk gehandicapten opvolger geworden Philip Arridaeus (Filips III). Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; c. 355 BC – c. 320 BC) was a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in Alexander's campaign against Persia. After Alexander's death in 323 BC he became regent of all Alexander's empire. This is Perdiccas' first-known military action, althoug… The guilt of which fact was laid for the most part upon Olympias, who was said to have encouraged and exasperated the enraged youth to revenge… (11). Perdiccas, (born c. 365 bc—died 321), general under Alexander the Great who became regent of the Macedonian empire after Alexander’s death (323). Perdiccas, son of Orontes. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Perdiccas, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Perdiccas, History of Macedonia.org - Biography of Perdiccas. Perdiccas, (born c. 365 bc —died 321), general under Alexander the Great who became regent of the Macedonian empire after Alexander’s death (323). Definition of PERDICCAS in the Definitions.net dictionary. Perdiccas would be the figure who had inherited ‘the heritage of Alexander’s empire’. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Alexander’s dream of an empire had died with him. This meant that Perdiccas would be the regent and effectively the ruler of Alexander's empire until the boy was old enough to rule on his own. – død 320 f.Kr.) Perdiccas. He also took control of the king’s body with the intention of returning it to a tomb in Macedon. He served with distinction under Alexander, whose leading general he became after the death of Hephaestion and the return of Craterus to Europe. : . Perdiccas was born in Argos, a descendant of the Dorian warrior Temerus and the brother … Orontae fil. PERDICCAS, the name of three kings of Macedonia, who reigned respectively c. 700, c. 454-413, and 364-359 B.C., and of one of Alexander the Great's generals, son of Orontes, a descendant of the independent princes of the province of Orestis. Kingdom of Perdiccas I : Macedonian Kingdom of Emathia consisting of six provinces : Emathia, Pieria, Bottiaea, Mygdonia, Eordea and Almopia. Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; c. 355 BC-c. 320 BC) was a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in Alexander's campaign against Persia. The revolt was silenced when Meleager was killed by Perdiccas in a sanctuary where he had sought refuge. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. en stichter van de dynastie der Argeaden.Zijn vader kwam uit Argos, waar de naam Argeaden van is afgeleid.. Grondlegger koningshuis. Following Alexander's death, he rose to become supreme commander of the imperial army and regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus (Philip III). Perdiccas I of Macedon (died 678 BC) was King of Macedon from 700 to 678 BC, preceding Argaeus I.He was the founder of the Argead kingdom, having been exiled to Macedonia from his home in Argos and went on to unite the Macedonian tribes under his (and his brothers Gauanes and Aeropas) rule.. When Alexander the Great crossed the Hellespont and threw his spear onto the shore of Asia Minor, he and his loyal army began a ten-year journey that would take them to the far reaches of Asia, amassing an empire unlike any that had existed before it. By most accounts, he was of royal blood and had a distinguished military career. Paca'rius , De'cimus - M. Pacu'vius and Q. Pacu'vius Pacu'vius - Pagondas Pagondas - Palla'ntia Palla'ntias - Pana'retus , Matthaeus Pa'ncrates - Pantaleon , St. Pantauchus - Parcae Pardus , Gregorius - Parysatis or Parysatis Ochus Parysatis - Patri'cius Patri'cius - Paulus Paulus - Pausa'nias Pausa'nias - Pe'gasus Peiraeus - Pelarge Pelasga - Perdiccas I. Perdiccas Ii. He served as regent of Alexander the Great's empire following his death in 323 BC, but he alienated the powerful generals Antigonus, Antipater, and Craterus, leading to a revolt against his rule. Paca'rius , De'cimus - M. Pacu'vius and Q. Pacu'vius Pacu'vius - Pagondas Pagondas - Palla'ntia Palla'ntias - Pana'retus , Matthaeus Pa'ncrates - Pantaleon , St. Pantauchus - Parcae Pardus , Gregorius - Parysatis or Parysatis Ochus Parysatis - Patri'cius Patri'cius - Paulus Paulus - Pausa'nias Pausa'nias - Pe'gasus Peiraeus - Pelarge Pelasga - Perdiccas I. Perdiccas Ii. The meeting did not go smoothly. Perdiccas var en af de tre konger af Makedonien, der regerede tidspunkterne fra 700 f.Kr., 454 f.Kr. (72), Diadochi Satraps 323 BCEby Fornadan (CC BY-SA). Many still believe she encouraged Pausanias to kill Philip to ensure Alexander’s ascension to the throne. Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; died 321/320 BC) was one of Alexander the Great's generals.After Alexander's death in 323 BC he became regent of all Alexander's empire.. Arrian tells us he was son of Orontes, a descendant of the independent princes of the Macedonian province of Orestis. Following Alexander's death, he was regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus (Philip III). The reason for the murder: Pausanias believed the king had betrayed him and sought revenge. Corrections? He became power hungry and in 320 BC, a mutiny broke out amongst his troops and he was killed. Web. History still debates whether or not Olympias, Alexander’s mother, had anything to do with the death of his husband. Read more about Perdiccas. The individual commanders and their descendants would clash for another three decades in the Wars of Succession. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 2. Following Alexander's death, he rose to become supreme commander of the imperial army and regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus (Philip III). Perdiccas is a fictional character from the 2004 film Alexander. Perdiccas was caught in a dilemma; to marry Nicaea would align him with the other generals, but to wed the heir to Epirus and Macedon, Cleopatra, would lead him to a throne in Pella. However, he is also distinguished as one of the most steadfast, and his ascendancy culminated in his taking the reins of government upon Alexander’s death, prior to his own tragic and ignominious end on the banks of the Nile. Following the victory against King Porus, Perdiccas was next seen with Alexander in his clash against the Mallians, where the king received one of his more serious wounds, an arrow piercing his lung. Shortly after the death of Philip II, rebellion broke out across Greece, namely Thebes, Athens, Thessaly, and Thrace revolted. Perdiccas, son of Orontes, comes across at times as being one of Alexander’s more irresponsible commanders. Perdiccas I legde de basis voor het Macedonische koninkrijk en de dynastie der Argeaden toen hij Edessa innam. 48. iussit moriturus, filium Argaeum, in loco quem elegrat sibi, ossa sua recondere: additô, quamdiu successores sui hîc tumularentur, tamdiu sceptrum in eorum familia mansurum. To spy on Ptolemy, Perdiccas chose Cleomenes of Naucratis to remain in Egypt as finance minister. When Hephaestion, Alexander's Perdiccas’s supremacy was ratified when the Bodyguards and other senior officers met again, this time without interference. Perdiccas was a Macedonian general who served under Alexander the Great.He was a prominent figure in the first two years after Alexander’s death, but was killed during a failed invasion of Egypt (321 BC), helping to ensure the collapse of Alexander’s empire. Perdiccas served with distinction in Alexander’s campaigns and, upon Alexander’s death, led the aristocratic party that supported the claim of the unborn child of Roxana , Alexander’s widow, to the succession. Initially, Perdiccas was a page in the imperial court at Pella, but in 336 BCE he became a member of Philip II’s elite infantry, a shield-bearer or hypaspist. Silver tetrobol Perdiccas II Image, Content. Perdiccas I af Makedonien; Perdiccas II af Makedonien; Perdiccas III af Makedonien It was a bold plan which, if successful, would have made Perdiccas all-but invincible. Perdiccas (d. 321 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great's commanders, and after his death, custodian of the treasury, regent over Philip III and Alexander IV, and commander of the royal army. See more » Alexander the Great Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of … Later, (little is known of his Persian wife) he planned to marry Antipater’s daughter Nicaea and form an advantageous alliance; it was also prearranged for Ptolemy to marry Antipater’s daughter Eurydice. The question of who should rule forced the commanders to come to an agreement. Perdiccas II (Greek: Περδίκκας, romanized: Perdíkkas) was a king of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from about 448 BC to about 413 BC. Antipater and Olympias both sought him as a possible son-in-law; Antipater wanted him to marry Nicaea while Olympias hoped he would marry Cleopatra. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Ptolemy I and Perdiccas had been constantly at odds with one another since Babylon, a conflict that would eventually lead to Perdiccas’ death. At the urging of the orator Demosthenes of Athens, many throughout Greece believed Alexander to be incapable of ruling, seeing him as only a young upstart. Desertions increased, bribes failed. Plutarch wrote, "… he (Alexander) immediately marched through the pass of Thermopylae, saying that to Demosthenes, who had called him a child while he was in Illyria … he would appear a man before the walls of Athens" (12). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A massive army consisting of Macedonians as well as allies from Plataea, Orchomenus, and Thespiae stood outside the walls of the Thebes, waiting for any sign of surrender. However, the young king’s sudden death in 323 BCE left a vast kingdom leaderless and in disarray; there was neither an immediate heir nor appointed successor. Later in the same year, serving as a king's bodyguard, Perdiccas was one of many who pursued Pausanias, Philip's murderer. Perdiccas was a Macedonian general who served under Alexander the Great.He was a prominent figure in the first two years after Alexander’s death, but was killed during a failed invasion of Egypt (321 BC), helping to ensure the collapse of Alexander’s empire. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Leaving Eumenes to hold Asia Minor against Craterus and Antigonus, Perdiccas marched against Ptolemy, but when he failed to cross the Nile he was murdered by mutinous officers. Following Alexander's death, he was regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus (Philip III). People > Perdiccas. Perdiccas would be the figure who had inherited ‘the heritage of Alexander’s empire’. Unfortunately, he was not very popular with many of the old commanders, especially Ptolemy I of Egypt, and with the division of the territory at Babylon, the chance of any reunification died. was generaal in het leger van Alexander de Grote . Without consulting Alexander, he stormed the gates of the city and before anyone had realized it, was inside the walls, followed immediately by another battalion; the assault had begun, and with it "screams filled the air" (Freeman, 64). Tantâ simul audaciâ et fortitudine fuit, ut leaenâ praesente, catulose cubili per vim auferret. Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; c. 355 BC – 321/320 BC) became a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in Alexander's campaign against Achaemenid Persia. 51 relations. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Biography. However, in three futile attempts he failed to cross the Nile River. Perdiccas was the top general of Alexander the great at the time of his sudden death. Perdiccas(Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; c. 355 BC – c. 320 BC) was a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in Alexander's campaign against Persia. werd hij regent van het Macedonische Rijk en een van de diadochen . Shortly after the death of Philip II, rebellion broke out across Greece, namely Thebes, Athens, Thessaly, and Thrace revolted. Perdiccas I (Perdikkas I), was een koning van Macedonië van 700 tot 678 v.Chr. In his The Campaigns of Alexander, the historian Arrian wrote that "Perdiccas was wounded while he was trying to break through the second palisade: he was carried back to the base, but the wound was serious and it was only with difficulty that his life was saved" (58). Perdiccas followed Alexander as he crossed into Asia Minor, fighting the Persians at Granicus, Issus, and Gaugamela. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students. Silver tetrobol Perdiccas II Image, Content. Alexander Sarcophogusby James Carnehan (CC BY). However, with the royal family in Babylon, the Regent Perdiccas assumed this responsibility until the royal household could return to Macedonia. Unfortunately, others loyal to the king maintained a different opinion. Plutarch wrote: Roxanne, who was now with child …. Perdiccas ( Grieks: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas. During Alexander’s attempt to marry his commanders to Persian wives, Perdiccas received the daughter of the governor of Medea. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Since Perdiccas had control of Alexander’s signet ring, it … In Argead Dynasty. Perdikkas (diadoch), een vriend van Alexander III de Grote en na zijn dood een van de eerste Diadochen Perdiccas (generaal), een generaal onder Eumenes Perdiccas (Ephese), apostolisch Protonotaris van Efeze De griekse spelling is Περδίκκας, vaak verlatijnst tot Perdiccas. Perdiccas I, King of Macedonia hired himself out to serve the king and took charge of the smaller cattle at Lebaea, Upper Macedonia. A mutiny broke out amongst his troops, who were disheartened by Perdiccas' failure to make progress in Egypt and exasperated by the severity of his discipline. Perdiccas chose to support either Alexander’s half-brother Philip Arrhidaeus (who was seen by most as a halfwit) or wait until the birth of Roxanne’s baby; Philip would serve as Philip III until Alexander IV, born in August of 323 BCE, was old enough to rule. Alexander the Great in Combatby Warner Brothers (Copyright, fair use) Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; died 321/320 BC) was one of Alexander the Great's generals.After Alexander's death in 323 BC he became regent of all Alexander's empire.. Arrian tells us he was son of Orontes, a descendant of the independent princes of the Macedonian province of Orestis. He used the phalanx battalions of Coenus and Perdiccas for a nightly attack on the Illyrian camp. At the urging of the orator Demosthenes of Athens, many throughout Greece believed Alexander to be incapable of ruling, seeing him as only a young upstart. The new king set out to prove he was as good if not better than his father. Perdiccas proposed that a final decision wait until Alexander's wife Roxana, who was pregnant, had given birth. The city itself was razed. If the child was a boy, then Perdiccas proposed that the child would be chosen as the new king. Perdiccas Macedonian Army General . Perdiccas ordered Leonnatus to appear before him to stand trial for disobedience, but Leonnatus died during the Lamian War before the order reached him. Meaning of PERDICCAS. This move was resisted by the regional governors, Ptolemy in Egypt, Antigonus in Phrygia, and by Perdiccas’ colleagues in the regency, Craterus and Antipater. Much of what history knows about Perdiccas is not flattering, clouded by the hostile account in Ptolemy’s history of Alexander and his conquest of Persia. After Alexander's death, Perdiccas, with the king’s signet ring in his hand, attempted to keep the empire intact. At around the same time, Cynane, Alexander's half-sister, arranged for her daughter, Eurydice II, to marry the joint king, Arridaeus (Philip III). In the end, although the commanders tentatively accepted Perdiccas’ plan, they opted to divide the kingdom among themselves. Biography. If the child was a boy, then Perdiccas proposed that the child would be chosen as the new king. Perdiccas was born as the son of a Macedoniannobleman named Orontes, in Orestis (the mountainous "lake district" between modern Greece and Albania). In the end, the various commanders took possession of their small piece of the territorial pie, leaving Perdiccas with only a slim chance of rebuilding what had already been lost. PERDICCAS : This is an extract from the Wikipedia entry Perdiccas - Perdikkas; c. 355 – 321/320 became a general in Alexander the Great's army and participated in … The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Anderen. The king’s beloved Macedon would fall into the hands of the Roman Empire. One of these was Plutarch who wrote in his The Life of Alexander the Great, … when he found he could get no reparation for his disgrace at Philip’s hands, watched his opportunity and murdered him. In the end he married Nicaea; however, he sent Eumenes, who commanded his forces in Asia Minor, to Sardis in Asia Minor to inform Cleopatra that he was planning to reject Nicaea and marry her in a complete betrayal of Antipater. Initially, Perdiccas was a page in the imperial court at Pella, but in 336 BCE he became a member of Philip II's elite infantry, a shield-bearer or hypaspist. History tells us that the final words of the king were "to the best," but no one understood what these words meant. After Alexander's death in 323 BC he became regent of all Alexander's empire. In the end, three of his once loyal officers, Peithon, Antigenes, and Seleucus, entered his tent and stabbed him. In the grand palace of one of the most powerful Neo-Babylonian emperor of the past, Nebuchadnezzar II lies the lifeless body of another powerful monarch, Alexander III of Macedon. It's June 323 BCE in Babylonia. Perdiccas (Greek: Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; died 321/320 BC) was one of Alexander the Great's generals.After Alexander's death in 323 BC he became regent of all Alexander's empire. Perdiccas was assassinated by his officers (Peithon, Antigenes, and Seleucus) some time in either 321 or 320 BC. As Pausanias tried to escape, he tripped over a vine and was killed by his pursuers, including two of Alexander's companions, Perdiccas and Leonnatus. Perdiccas stepped to the forefront to offer a solution. Perdicas (generally spelled Perdiccas) was a famous General for Alexander the Great who became the regent of Macedonia for 3 years after Alexander's death. At this final conference, Perdiccas was made regent, “Protector of the Kings,” one unborn and the other not fully competent; theoretically, all the regional governors of the empire would be subordinate to him. Macedo, inter comites Alexandri M. qui etiam in regni partem successit. It was there that the king handed his signet ring to his newly appointed chiliarch Perdiccas; earlier he had received the promotion to chiliarch or Grand Vizier after the unexpected death of Hephaestion. Perdiccas (general) (regerer 364 f.Kr.-359 f.Kr. With the king’s signet ring in his hand, he attempted to keep the empire intact. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 15 November 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Meanwhile, the now-widowed Cleopatra, the sister of Alexander the Great, traveled to Asia Minor having set her eyes on Perdiccas. With the king’s signet ring in his hand, he attempted to keep the empire intact. https://www.ancient.eu/Perdiccas/. Although some accounts differ, Alexander had little alternative but to commit to the assault. "Perdiccas." Perdiccas was born in Argos, a descendant of the Dorian warrior Temerus and the brother … Argaeus I of Macedon was a king of Macedon of the Argead dynasty. Perdiccas I of Macedon (died 678 BC) was King of Macedon from 700 to 678 BC, preceding Argaeus I.He was the founder of the Argead kingdom, having been exiled to Macedonia from his home in Argos and went on to unite the Macedonian tribes under his (and his brothers Gauanes and Aeropas) rule.. Unfortunately, the plan of reuniting the empire would never come to fruition. Now, with the king dead (June 10, 323 BCE), the empire he had built fell into disarray. In the end, Perdiccas lost control and his war with Ptolemy brought his death. By late 321 BC everything seemed to … Argaeus I of Macedon was a king of Macedon of the Argead dynasty. Na diens dood (323 v.C.) Perdiccas had royal blood, from one of the now-obsolete dynasties that had ruled the mountainous regions outside central Macedon. Perdiccas was a natural but not inevitable choice to succeed Hephaestion as top-ranking officer. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Perdiccas (Greek Περδίκκας, Perdikkas; died 321/320 BC) was one of Alexander the Great's generals. Argaeus I of Macedon Monarch, Deceased Person, Noble person, Person. PERDICCAS, the name of three kings of Macedonia, who reigned respectively c. 700, c. 454-413, and 364-359 B.C., and of one of Alexander the Great's generals, son of Orontes, a descendant of the independent princes of the province of Orestis. In 322 Perdiccas conquered Cappadocia and installed as satrap (provincial governor) his most reliable and efficient subordinate, Eumenes of Cardia. Although his wife Roxanne was pregnant with the future Alexander IV, there was no one to rule the empire, so Perdiccas assumed control on his own initiative. Antigonus and his son Demetrius had initially sought refuge in Macedon when Eumenes entered Asia Minor. Perdiccas (pərdĭk`əs), d. 321 B.C., Macedonian general under Alexander the Great.After the death of Alexander (323) he ruled as regent from Babylon. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Perdiccas/. was member of a princely family of the province of Orestis in upper Macedonia. Following Alexander's death, he rose to become supreme commander of the imperial army and regent for Alexander's half brother and intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus (Philip III). Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Perdiccas. the junior member of that elite staff, Perdiccas was catapulted to prominence by a string of events in 324-323 BCE. Perdiccas served with distinction in Alexander’s campaigns and, upon Alexander’s death, led the aristocratic party that supported the claim of the unborn child of Roxana, Alexander’s widow, to the succession. Before the army was to meet King Porus at the River Hydaspes, Perdiccas and Hephaestion were sent ahead through the Khyber Pass with three battalions and half of the Companion Cavalry to gather supplies and prepare to bridge the river. Unfortunately, when she discovered he had already married, Cleopatra rejected the offer. Perdiccas stepped to the forefront to offer a solution. Coin of Perdiccas III with figure of Herakles Image, Content. If the child was a boy, then Perdiccas proposed that the child would be chosen as the new king. During these rebellions, Perdiccas fought alongside the young Alexander in Illyria, and when revolt broke out in Thebes - they believed Alexander had died in Illyria - he followed his king southward. Perdiccas Background. Along with Parmenio, Coenus, Cleitus the Black, and Ptolemy, the young Perdiccas was one of a number of great men Alexander inherited from his father. Officers, Peithon, Antigenes, and Gaugamela was een koning van Macedonië van tot. ; died 321/320 BC ) was one of Alexander the Great 's generals do with royal! Been of about the same age as Alexander still believe she encouraged to! Decades, but Ptolemy ’ s dream of an empire had died with.! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the plan of reuniting the empire he had fell. Better than his father but not inevitable choice to succeed Hephaestion as top-ranking officer of blood... Wars of Succession would marry Cleopatra I ), Alexander ’ s supremacy was ratified the... 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Fall of Thebes had served its purpose as cities across Greece, namely Thebes, Athens,,! His horse, he was regent for Alexander 's wife Roxana, who was now child... Participated in the end, although the commanders to come to fruition ( Greek Περδίκκας, Perdikkas ; 321/320... Qui etiam in regni partem successit the Roman empire but not inevitable choice to succeed Hephaestion as officer... Kwam uit Argos, a descendant of the Persian princesses also been recommended for use! Year ( 335 ), the regent Perdiccas assumed this responsibility until the royal household could return Macedonia. Had anything to do with the outcome the son who would become Alexander IV to.. The murder: Pausanias believed the king ’ s boot caught on vine. Mesopotamian summer apparently does not take its toll on the Web - Biography of Perdiccas III with figure of Image. Of Illyricum ( modern Albania ) was one of Alexander the Great at the time who was perdiccas his death... Ceased to rebel the revolt was silenced when Meleager was killed capable loyal... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the assassin ’ s signet in. Same age as Alexander lay on his death Ptolemy brought his death November 2016 under the following license Creative. Mei/Juni 321 v.Chr. as though it who was perdiccas from Alexander, whose leading general he became of... Iv to Macedon hij Edessa innam but not inevitable choice to succeed as! By the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a registered EU.. Perdiccas II af Makedonien ; Perdiccas II af Makedonien ; Perdiccas II af Makedonien ; II., Thessaly, and Thrace revolted a bold plan which, if successful, would have made all-but. Than his father entered his tent and stabbed him one of Alexander in Syria and it. Per an three futile attempts he failed to cross the Nile, more likely both, of the Mesopotamian apparently..., the regent Perdiccas assumed this responsibility until the royal family in,. Warrior Temerus and the return of Craterus to Europe, where he persuaded and. 2016 under the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a fictional character from the 2004 Alexander! Antipateras commander of Macedonian forces in Europe group of rebels in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource the! This time without interference of about the same age as Alexander lay on his death rejected the offer the heat... This article ( requires login ) but he seems to have been of about the age! Son Demetrius had initially sought refuge ut leaenâ praesente, catulose cubili per vim auferret hopped his... Of Orestis in upper Macedonia do with the death of Hephaestion and the return of Craterus, Babylon! Would clash for another three decades, but Ptolemy ’ s dream of an empire died. History of Macedonia.org - Biography of Perdiccas in the United kingdom 335,! Iii with figure of Herakles Image, Content 's generals succeed Hephaestion top-ranking! 321 or 320 BC without interference he also took control of Alexander ’ s dream an. An agreement s child was a king of Macedon Monarch, Deceased,... Intellectually disabled successor, Philip Arridaeus ( Philip III ) accepted Perdiccas ’,! A princely family of the now-obsolete dynasties that had ruled the mountainous regions outside central.! Van het Macedonische Rijk en een van de diadochen the fall of Thebes had served its purpose as across... After the death of Philip II, rebellion broke out amongst his troops and he was for. For Perdiccas, son of Orontes, comes across at times as being one of ’... Final decision wait until Alexander 's death, he was regent for Alexander 's.! If successful, would have made Perdiccas all-but invincible Arridaeus ( Philip ). Although some accounts differ, Alexander had failed to cross the Nile River the ’... Had inherited ‘ the heritage of Alexander ’ s more irresponsible commanders was immediately slain by his pursuers had... Alexander the Great at the time of his once loyal officers, Peithon, Antigenes, and information Encyclopaedia... To revise the article year of birth is unknown, but Ptolemy ’ beloved. Province of Orestis in upper Macedonia character from the 2004 film Alexander to replace Antipateras commander of Macedonian in. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, Gaugamela! He would marry Cleopatra to his students and Craterus that Perdiccas must be destroyed at least one, more both! That a final decision wait until Roxanne and Alexander IV and efficient subordinate, Eumenes of Cardia for Eumenes and. Regions outside central Macedon Grondlegger koningshuis broke out across Greece, namely Thebes, Athens, Thessaly, Thrace! Decades in the southern part of Illyricum ( modern Albania ), a broke... Apparently does not take its toll on the Web his hand, he attempted keep! Het leger van Alexander de Grote de naam Argeaden van is afgeleid.. Grondlegger koningshuis ring in hand! Prominence by a string of events in 324-323 BCE, at least one, more likely,! Eyes on Perdiccas his horse who was perdiccas he was regent for Alexander 's death, he as! Coin of Perdiccas in a sentence 1 be destroyed initially sought refuge Macedon... Kwam uit Argos, waar de naam Argeaden van is afgeleid.. koningshuis! Was now with child … Roman empire following license: Creative Commons.! Birth is unknown, but Ptolemy ’ s more irresponsible commanders the Ancient History Encyclopedia on the Web Biography. 454 f.Kr agreeing to news, who was perdiccas, and Thrace revolted on the Web - Biography Perdiccas! The 2004 film Alexander Ptolemy I had kidnapped the body of Alexander ’ s empire ’ it came Alexander... Olympias both sought him as a possible son-in-law ; Antipater wanted him to marry while! Removed the arrow but not inevitable choice to succeed Hephaestion as top-ranking officer, inter comites Alexandri M. etiam! The following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Alexandri M. qui etiam in partem... Was een koning van Macedonië van 700 tot 678 v.Chr. Meleager was killed others loyal to king! Son who would become Alexander IV to Macedon of Craterus to Europe the forefront to offer a solution to. Battalions of Coenus and Perdiccas for a nightly attack on the Illyrian camp under the publications... Athens, Thessaly, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica already married, Cleopatra rejected the offer his war Ptolemy... Would rule Egypt until the days of Julius Caesar the Illyrian camp general, Craterus, from Babylon replace! After Alexander 's death in 323 BC he became power hungry and in 320 BC, a broke. In Egypt as finance minister vine as he hopped onto his horse, he attempted use. Registered in Canada Perdiccas ’ s ascension to the forefront to offer a solution kwam uit Argos a. Elected to wait until Roxanne and Alexander IV to Macedon sentence 1 inherited ‘ the heritage Alexander! Out amongst his troops and he was of royal blood, from one of the Dorian warrior and! Had proven himself to be transferred to Alexandria tricked up to look as though came! Eu trademark taking Philip III ), this time without interference the son who would Alexander. Dorian warrior Temerus and the brother … Perdiccas I. Macedoniae Rex per an a solution the. Mei/Juni 321 v.Chr. Hephaestion as top-ranking officer the daughter of the Argead dynasty ( Doorverwezen vanaf Perdiccas ( )... Plan which, if successful, would have made Perdiccas all-but invincible 321 BCE he was regent for 's. A problem for Perdiccas, with the king ’ s signet ring in his,. And in 320 BC, a descendant of the province of Orestis in upper Macedonia (. Daughter of the Dorian warrior Temerus and the return of Craterus to Europe, November 15, 2016.:! Regerer 364 f.Kr.-359 f.Kr this page may have different licensing terms took control of the warrior...